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история  породы новошотландский ретривер (толлер)

Эта самая молодая порода ретриверов возникла в Канаде. Канадские охотники пытались вывести собаку, повадками напоминающую лису, которая своим неординарным поведением способна возбудить любопытство уток и подманить их тем самым на близкое расстояние.

Оригинальный текст c сайта питомника http://www.littlerivertollers.com

The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, usually called the Toller, began its development in the Little River district of Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia. The most commonly quoted account of the breed’s origination is that in the year 1860 a Mr. James Allen, also of Yarmouth, obtained from the captain of a schooner, a female, liver-coloured, English Flat-Coated retriever to which Allen mated a short-coated Labrador-like retriever. Bitches from the resulting litter were bred to a brown Cocker Spaniel.

Very shortly afterward, a crossing with an Irish Setter introduced the fox red colour of the present day Toller. It is also possible that breedings with the Collie or Shetland sheepdog were introduced to produce the heavily feathered tail and the herding instincts which the Toller now possesses. Furthermore, the possibility of breeding with the Brittany Spaniel and the Golden Retriever at some time cannot be ruled out.

The idea was to develop a dog that resembled the Red Fox; small, playful, and intelligent with the retrieving ability of the large retriever breeds and the hunting instincts inherent in the Sporting Dog Group. Originally, the Toller was called the Little River Duck Dog, due to its place of origin, but through the efforts of Cyril Colwell of Halifax, the breed was officially registered with the Canadian Kennel Club in 1945 as the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever.

The breed has gained more recognition in recent years, and there are now breeders located across Canada, the United States, and several other countries around the world. In 1995, the 50th Anniversary of the recognition of the breed by the Canadian Kennel Club, The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever was officially recognized as Nova Scotia’s Provincial dog by the Nova Scotia legislature. If the present trend continues, the Toller may well become one of the most popular dogs in Canadian history. The Toller was not at any stage of its development influenced by breedings in any other country.

The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever is a “Truly Canadian Dog”. It was developed in Canada, by Canadians, and for Canadian hunting conditions. As a breed, the Toller is nearly as old as the other popular retriever breeds, such as the Labrador, Chesapeake, and Golden. The Golden, for example, began its development only two years before the Toller. The Labrador began its development only a little earlier in the 1800s. The Toller was not as well known in the past, probably because of restrictive distribution practices of the original, and most of the subsequent breeders, who did not usually allow females to leave their kennels. The main breeders were avid duck hunters who did not want competition in the lakes or on the marshes.